NEW SILK ROAD

Mongolia met China, 2 more rail border crossing pending

Battsetseg Batmunkh and Qin Gang in Beijing © Ministry of Foreign Affaird of PRC

China and Mongolia are about to open two additional rail border crossing for rail freight traffic. One is already under construction, while another one is still waiting for approval. This was discussed during the visit of Mongolian Foreign Minister Battsetseg Batmunkh to China. 

Batmunkh addressed the acceleration of the construction of one rail border crossing, Gashuunsukhait (Mongolia)-Ganqimaodu (China). Currently, this border crossing is operational only for trucks. Additionally, she addressed the need for another rail border crossing between the two countries, Khangi (Mongolia)-Mandula (China). This particular border checkpoint has not yet been included among the current 13 China-Mongolia border crossings.

Two new rail border crossing

Gashuunsukhait (Mongolia)-Ganqimaodu (China) has been included as a China-Mongolia border crossing since 2004. The current agreement between the two countries is to transform this border crossing not only for road but also for rail. Telenged Baast, the Mongolian rail freight operator from Monlogistic, told RailFreight.com that “the construction of the Mongolian side of the railway was completed last year, but connection issues with the Chinese side have yet to be finalised.” Once completed, this rail border crossing could become a strategic point for coal and mining trade between Mongolia and Russia.

For another rail border crossing, official approval is still needed. Last November, Mongolia opened a new railway line to the border with China, connecting Zongbayan to the border city of Khangi. However, the railway line between the Chinese border city and Khangi has not yet been finalised, and Khangi-Mandula has not been recognised as a border crossing point. As a result, the last mile of this railway line is still in limbo. Once the two parties reach an agreement and complete their paperwork, a new route could be established, sharing the loads between Erenhot and Zamiin-Uud.

Current rail border crossing

The current China-Mongolia rail border crossing is located between Erenhot and Zamiin-Uud, where the Chinese standard gauge changes to the broad gauge used in Mongolia. Mongolia, as an important transit country in China-Russia trade, has been significantly affected by the increasing trade volume between the two countries. Consequently, congestion at the terminals has become a burden for rail logistics forwarders.

In February of this year, the congestion reached a new peak. Approximately 3,000 40-foot containers were awaiting reloading to the Mongolian side at the Chinese border. The congestion persisted for over a month and was primarily caused by a shortage of pallets from the Russian side. A Chinese rail freight forwarder commented, “The pallet used for the route heading to Russia is primarily coordinated by UTLC, and it appears that Russian Railways, the key player behind UTLC, is not effectively cooperating and communicating with China Railway on pallet issues.”

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Author: Chengfan Zhao

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Mongolia met China, 2 more rail border crossing pending | RailFreight.com
NEW SILK ROAD

Mongolia met China, 2 more rail border crossing pending

Battsetseg Batmunkh and Qin Gang in Beijing © Ministry of Foreign Affaird of PRC

China and Mongolia are about to open two additional rail border crossing for rail freight traffic. One is already under construction, while another one is still waiting for approval. This was discussed during the visit of Mongolian Foreign Minister Battsetseg Batmunkh to China. 

Batmunkh addressed the acceleration of the construction of one rail border crossing, Gashuunsukhait (Mongolia)-Ganqimaodu (China). Currently, this border crossing is operational only for trucks. Additionally, she addressed the need for another rail border crossing between the two countries, Khangi (Mongolia)-Mandula (China). This particular border checkpoint has not yet been included among the current 13 China-Mongolia border crossings.

Two new rail border crossing

Gashuunsukhait (Mongolia)-Ganqimaodu (China) has been included as a China-Mongolia border crossing since 2004. The current agreement between the two countries is to transform this border crossing not only for road but also for rail. Telenged Baast, the Mongolian rail freight operator from Monlogistic, told RailFreight.com that “the construction of the Mongolian side of the railway was completed last year, but connection issues with the Chinese side have yet to be finalised.” Once completed, this rail border crossing could become a strategic point for coal and mining trade between Mongolia and Russia.

For another rail border crossing, official approval is still needed. Last November, Mongolia opened a new railway line to the border with China, connecting Zongbayan to the border city of Khangi. However, the railway line between the Chinese border city and Khangi has not yet been finalised, and Khangi-Mandula has not been recognised as a border crossing point. As a result, the last mile of this railway line is still in limbo. Once the two parties reach an agreement and complete their paperwork, a new route could be established, sharing the loads between Erenhot and Zamiin-Uud.

Current rail border crossing

The current China-Mongolia rail border crossing is located between Erenhot and Zamiin-Uud, where the Chinese standard gauge changes to the broad gauge used in Mongolia. Mongolia, as an important transit country in China-Russia trade, has been significantly affected by the increasing trade volume between the two countries. Consequently, congestion at the terminals has become a burden for rail logistics forwarders.

In February of this year, the congestion reached a new peak. Approximately 3,000 40-foot containers were awaiting reloading to the Mongolian side at the Chinese border. The congestion persisted for over a month and was primarily caused by a shortage of pallets from the Russian side. A Chinese rail freight forwarder commented, “The pallet used for the route heading to Russia is primarily coordinated by UTLC, and it appears that Russian Railways, the key player behind UTLC, is not effectively cooperating and communicating with China Railway on pallet issues.”

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Author: Chengfan Zhao

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